The second part of The Harley J. Earl Story covers the time frame between 1917 and July of 1919 at which time Don Lee officially bought the Earl Automobile Works. It was during this period that Earl’s artistic abilities, sense of style, engineering talents and his custom auto body designs received a lot of attention at the Los Angeles automobile shows and in the press. Commissions for custom coachbuilding and other work began to increase from the cash-rich silent film stars, Hollywood elite, and those profiting from Southern California development and the oil industry.
As to how Harley began dealing with the upper class, a New York Times article dated March 25, 1956 by Carl Spielvogel states: “When his father left on a vacation young Harley took over and began designing custom auto bodies for Hollywood stars. His first sale was to Roscoe Fatty Arbuckle. The elder Mr. Earl at first was furious when he learned about what his son had been doing, but a look at the profit ledger soon cooled his anger”.
Earl customized a car for cowboy star Tom Mix and at least three for Arbuckle. The 1914 Renault Roadster pictured above (it has survived in a private collection) is believed to be the first job for Fatty. At some point in the late-teens, Harley designed the stylish and sleek coachwork for its rebody and the Earl Automobile Works constructed it. The Renault can be seen briefly between 6:40 and 6:43 in the video of The Garage Part I (1920) at the bottom of the post. It is a silent film comedy filled with cars and starring both Arbuckle, who directed it himself and Buster Keaton.
At this point in time, Harley had also mastered the art of presentation and the selling of a design. He produced not only full-sized drawings of the proposal for a client, but also built clay models of them, a skill he first learned as a child. The utilization of both enabled him to promote his concept to a prospect wanting something exclusive and who could well afford the luxury.
Earl was able to get established with the Hollywood crowd by remodeling a car for the cowboy movie star Tom Mix, but his piece de resistance was the next car that he designed and built for Fatty Arbuckle. It used what was perhaps the largest automobile chassis in production at the time, a 1918 Pierce-Arrow Model 66 with a 147.5-inch w.b. that was powered by an enormous 855 c.i. T-head six.
With this impressive platform Harley first started out by designing special hubs and sharply-dished wooden-spoked wheels constructed of Burmese teak that were fitted with nickel-plated rims and light gray tires. For the coachwork, he started with a clean slate and designed a magnificent and totally custom built touring car body, radiator, hood, and fenders. The bright purple-blue creation was trimmed with nickel-plated accents. The interior was finished in fine leather with a spectacular curved wooden vanity on the back of the front seats.
The creation and its design may have been started at the Earl Automobile Works in 1918 or 1919. It was finished and delivered to Arbuckle by the Don Lee Coach and Body Works. The May 2, 1920 Los Angeles Times reported on the just finished car: “Arbuckle’s Car Is A Genuine Knockout“, and went on to state that “ten-thousand people had filed through the Don Lee showroom in a few days just to see the car that cost $25,000”. The car has survived, and you can see many photos of it at The Auto Collections.
When we return with the Harley J. Earl Story Part III, we will cover the change in guard from the Earl Automobile Works to the Don Lee Coach and Body Works. In July of 1919 Lee bought out the firm and employed Earl as the chief designer for his facility. In the meantime, to learn more you can check in with Richard Earl at HarleyJEarl.com and view Part I of this series here.