In the early-1900s tire development advanced at about the same pace as the automobile did and by the early teens, both had become quite reliable. The lead image shows a 1913 National Touring car constructed in Indianapolis, Indiana on a 10,000 tire test in New York of a set of unusual Overman Cushion Tread non-pneumatic tires while it was pulling a limousine out of a mud hole. The tires used a very aggressive tread and were fastened by bolts to a set special rims.
While the tire and rim setup may have been successful during the test, it appears that the combination was not placed on the market. The expense of the special rim and tire combination and the cost of either a set of completely new wood spoked wheels minus the hubs or the fitting the rims to a set of existing wheels probably priced the tires out of the marketplace. An advertisement from the “Motor” May 1914 issue below shows a conventional pneumatic tire that Overman was selling a year later in 1914.
View a series of dozens of photos of the car and tires while on the test at the National Automobile History Collection.