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Horseless Carriages on the Streets of St Louis, Missouri

Today we feature three images of early automobiles in St Louis, Missouri, for horseless carriage fans to identify. The lead photo was taken in front of the old Civil Court building (1828), which is now a part of the Gateway Arch National Park. This circa 1913 picture contains automobiles that were parked to the right-hand side of the vehicles in the enlargeable photo (below.)

The second enlargeable photograph (below) was taken in front of the City Garage circa 1908 and contains at least one or two automobiles that may be a bit difficult to identify.

Share with us what you find of interest in this photo courtesy of the Missouri Historical Society.

30 responses to “Horseless Carriages on the Streets of St Louis, Missouri

  1. In the first photo, notice the two touring cars to the right have the top sections of their windscreens folded down, no doubt to give the driver some relief from the humidity.I

    I love cars from that period, hopefully someone can identify a few of them.

  2. In the 3rd photograph [2nd expandable picture], on the right, are two BUICK motor cars [Buick script on radiator]. They look like circa 1910.

  3. The car with the high mounted headlamps is a H up mobile with an unusual enclosed body. I imagine that that car was very heavy what this body mounted.

  4. The Ford Model T in the 1st photo looks like a 1913, the T in the 2nd looks like a 1914 based on the windshield design and the front ends of the front fenders.

  5. I always like these old photos, where you have this interesting mix of well-known and especially lesser-known makes. So starting with the lead photo from the right we see a Dorris, a Hupmobile and a Ford, going further on the second photo: a Krit, a Ford, a Hupmobile, a Stevens-Duryea (recognizable by its special double front screen support) and a Cole. Most cars date between 1911 and 1913. The other photo is especially interesting, because after 2 Buicks, a Maxwell and another Buick we observe two Mors models, despite the American branch not a very common make in the US! The last three cars are definitely the older part of the garage stock, going back to at least 1906 …

  6. The Hupmobile two-passenger coupe, a 1912 model, is an absolute rarity, by the way. It’s the first time I’ve seen such a car out on the street.

  7. Those two Buicks are Model 14s, a short-lived model with a transverse horizontally opposed twin engine under the front hood. I knew someone restored one in the ’70s. He said it was the worst car he ever owned. The earlier, and bigger, Models F and G with the under floor engine were much better cars

  8. Interesting to see the Hupmobile Model 20 with the coupe body. I know someone who has one of these – body built from scratch.

  9. In the lower picture – with the two Buicks – I wonder if the car on the left, with the hump on the top of the radiator, might be a French Mors.

  10. The Hupmobile coupe in the lead photo is unusual. In the second photo, a 1913 Hudson Model 37 Torpedo is seen with its top down and windshield folded. it’s much larger than the Model T Ford this side of it. In the third photo, besides the two Buicks on the near end I believe there is another Buick – perhaps a 2-cyl Model G – with an unknown car in between.

  11. Some really wonderful cars in these images! the Hupmobile coupe would have been rare even then, a model 20, probably 1911 . The model T Ford touring car next to it is a ’13 (based upon the forward folding windshield), and has an electric conversion in the headlamps. Going beyond those onto the first expandable picture, I recognize the touring car next to it, but the name escapes me at this time (a young fellow I used to know had one!). The next car down is a 1914 T Ford runabout, note the windshield hinges, it folds a more convenient backward. It also has the standard acetylene headlamps, notice the (dark) difference behind the lenses. Beyond that is a Hudson, probably the big four cylinder of ’13/’14. A good friend has a ’14 big six cylinder Hudson (Huge car!).

    On the last picture, the two previously mentioned Buicks. Next to them is a two cylinder Maxwell. Could be as late as a 1910?
    The rest are tougher. The next one down might be a two cylinder Durocar? Next (the last radiator that can be seen?), the only thing like that I recall seeing was European built. Very interesting. The last car, I sure would like to see a better picture of it. Possibly Thomas Flyer?

    All wonderfully neat (and a few very impressive!) automobiles. What a great time in the history of the automobile that was.

    • The 1913 Hudson Model 37 was the last 4-cylinder Hudson. The 1913 Hudson Model 54 was the first 6-cylinder Hudson. In 1914 the Six-54 replaced the Model 54 and the Six-40 replaced the Model 37.

  12. In the bottom pic, only one car does not have a crank start, 4th car from right. ( and the 3rd from right has a flat tire) Did this have a self starter? I thought Cadillac was the 1st in 1912.

    • That car is a 1906 Buick model G. It indeed has an opposed twin cylinder under the body and is cranked from the side. The fuel tank is placed under the hood, the filler tube very visible on top.

      • Perhaps I’m missing something obvious, but how does one tell the difference between a 1906 and a 1907 for the Model G? I know the 1908 has a longer wheelbase and changes to the front, but I’m drawing a blank on telling the first two years of production apart from photos like this.

        • There was no real difference, except that the wheel base in 1907 was 2 inches longer. Another difference was that in 1906 you could choose between two official colours, aluminum and purple lake (apparently a kind of reddish purple), whereas in 1907 purple lake was the only official color. But that doesn’t really help either, I guess. So it could be a 1907 model as well. To be clear, the model G was the runabout, the model F the touring car. Technical specifications for both models were the same.

  13. History may not repeat, but it did recycle for Hudson. This Model 37 (that was quite large with a large four, as a large “contingent of its competition” had sixes, but was nonetheless not unseen on the motor world racecourses)

    [Read more in the Railton or H.E.T. Bulletins…]

    …was its last-of, as the Super Six came in 1916 (when Hudson claimed the first NY-SF-NY trip and the fastest Pikes Peak climb and 9th in ’19 Indy) and it had a parallel as the ’48-up Hudson Stepdown (that was quite a large car also) then had a large six racing well against the new V-8s.

    History is interesting.

    So on a side note, an American Mors that was built under license by the St. Louis Motor Car Co. (“The Largest Builder of Street Cars in the World”) from 1906-1909 [and replaced by its own 50-hp 7.8L car in 1910] was not the only autoimport from Mors of France to America.

    Packard hired Charles Schmidt from Mors in Paris to bring to it a “Mor” European outlook
    on cars and a Fench sense of style to America.

    And St. Louis was more than The Trolley Song.

  14. I found my reprint of the 1904, 1905, and 1906 ALAM Handbooks tonight. In 1906, the Buick Model G was advertised at $1000, +$80 for the top. The Model F was $1250, +$100 for the top. Adding the second row of seats increased the car’s weight from 1400 pounds to 1840 pounds. Other cars in the same price range as the Model G were the Autocar Type X, Cadillac Model M (the Model K was only $750), the Pierce Stanhope, and the Pope-Tribune Model V.

    All of those were fairly inexpensive for the time – the only cheaper cars in the Handbook were the Northern Manufacturing and Olds Motor Works runabouts for $650, while Waltham’s Orient Buckboard was down to $400.

  15. In the second picture none of the cars seem to have their headlights the same. Three appear to have the left side aimed high and a fourth has the right side aimed high. Would this be intentional or would it even matter given the output of lighting equipment in this era? If it was intentional it seems that the left side lights should be aimed low for left hand driving.

  16. In the 2nd photo, with a Hupmobile at far right, the 4th car from the right, between the Model T Fords, is a 1912 REO the 5th touring.

  17. Great to see the Hupmobile Model 20 Coupe along side the Model T, good to know it would fit in my garage if I find one. The headlight bracket details are nice a clear, may have to make them from scratch for my 1911. Bob

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